Roberto Osellame graduated at Politecnico di Milano (Italy) and received the Ph.D. degree in Physics from the Politecnico di Torino (Italy). He is a Research Director at the Institute for Photonics and Nanotechnologies (IFN) of the Italian National Research Council (CNR). He is also an Adjunct Professor at the Politecnico di Milano, teaching ‘Quantum Optics and Information’. Dr. Osellame has been one of the pioneers in femtosecond laser micromachining of transparent materials with a focus on integrated quantum photonic and optofluidic devices. Philip Walther received his PhD degree in Physics from the University of Vienna in 2005. After 3 year as a postdoctoral researcher at Harvard University, he returned to the University of Vienna in 2008, where he is a Professor of Physics since 2015. His research is dedicated to the development of advanced quantum technology for applications in quantum information processing and for investigations in quantum science. The experiments are focused on photonic quantum computation and quantum simulation as well as quantum foundations such as indefinite causal structures and the measurement of weak gravitational effects on single photons using table-top setups. Philip Walther and Roberto Osellame have developed a new quantum device, called quantum memristor, that can act as a fundamental building block for quantum-enhanced artificial intelligence applications based on neural networks. The capability of this quantum technology for a neuron-like device was demonstrated via an integrated quantum processor operating on single photons. The potential impact of optical networks with quantum memristors is tremendous as such architectures can efficiently learn both classical and quantum tasks.