New technologies enable easy and efficient editing of DNA sequences and ultra-fast sequencing of whole genomes. Recent advances in vaccine development yielded mRNA vaccines; potential applications include the promise to confer protection against various infectious diseases and to instil hope in combating cancer. Molecular technologies with the potential for biomedical application are evolving at an unprecedented speed now and they offer completely new possibilities for research and medicine. International experts from various fields will address opportunities and risks in the battle for improved global health.