The nominating institution Oulu Unuversity on the breakthrough:
Kidney was the first organ that was transplanted succesully in human to resque from dialysis. Today due to diabetes and other chronic kidney disease millions are hoping to get a kidney replacement. Thus there is a enormous need for non rejected kidneys for transplantation and massive increase in diabetes and obesity will make the situation worse. We can today program kidney assembly capasity to stem cells offering the grounds for non rejected, engineered organ to be created to save lives.