Anna Siekierka is addressing the challenging issue of lithium-ion battery (LIB) effluent containing hazardous metals like cobalt, lithium, and nickel by proposing a zero-waste process for metal recovery. Her solution involves using reverse electrodialysis with an ultra-selective cobalt exchange membrane, allowing for cobalt recovery and simultaneous energy harvesting from the potential differences across the membrane stack, thus providing both metal fractionation and renewable energy generation from battery effluents.

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